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Environmental Hazards

Outdoor Action Guide to Heat Related Illnesses and Fluid Balance for Backcountry Travelers. Heat related illness, hydration, heat stroke, heat syncope, heat exhaustion, fluid balance. Princeton University

Outdoor Action Guide to Hypothermia and Cold Weather Injuries. Prevention, signs and symptoms, and field treatment. Princeton University

Wind Chill Chart and a Wind Chill Calculator. National Weather Service


Campfire, building and maintaining a safe campfire. U.S Forest Service, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest

Magnesium Fire Starting Tool- How to Use. How to use the military-issue Doan Firestarter. Doan Machinery and Equipment Co.


NWCG “Basic Land Navigation (PMS 475)” Download Page. General overview of maps, reading topographic maps, geographic location systems and latitude/longitude, how to use a compass and clinometer. Set up as a self-paced instruction. National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG), Operations and Workforce Development Committee

Green Trails Topographic Maps. Information about use and purchase of Green Trails Topographic Maps. Guidebooks, Map and Compass basic instruction. Green Trails, Inc.

Silva Ranger Compass. Information about use and purchase of the Silva Ranger Compass. Silva, Johnson Outdoors Gear LLC

USGS Topographic Maps. Maps, Imagery, and Publications. U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey